Gabion Wall

The Egyptians used the gabion wall to manage the flood waters of the Nile 7000 years ago.

They used stalks to weave gabion baskets, loaded them with small rocks, and placed them along the banks of the Nile, hence river erosion was significantly reduced.

It has also prevented their crops could have been destroyed during the rainy season by the flowing flood waters.

Gabion walls have also been used in some architects’ designs.

Besides adding strength and enhancing the architecture of a building, these walls also contribute to visual appeal.

What is Gabion Wall?

The word Gabion derives from the word Italian word Gabion, which means “big cage”.

A large cage or basket called Gabions filled with rocks, ravens, remaining concrete, or other construction materials are used to build gabion walls.

Heavy-duty wire can be used to stack this large basket and connect it.

The construction of temporary dams, sediment removal from runoff, retaining walls, temporary flood walls, sound barriers, river training, and channel lining are some other uses.

The use of gabion walls has evolved as they are now used in civil engineering and military projects.

Types Of Gabion Walls:

The choice of gabion for any project depends on its purpose and cost.

In actuality, gabions come in four different varieties as follows:

1. Gabion basket:

Gabion basket

Box-shaped gabion baskets are usually made and constructed from wire mesh.

They come in various sizes and are mainly used in highway and railway operations.

 Gabion baskets are a cost-effective option for any project, especially if infill material is on hand.

2. Mattress Gabion:

Mattress Gabion

Gabion mattresses are also known as Reno mattresses, they are smaller than other types.

To stop erosion, they are mainly used as channel linings.

By slowing down the water, they combat erosion and erosion caused by waves.

3. Gabion Sack:

Gabion Sack

Materials used to construct such gabions include cylindrical wire mesh and porous, flexible structures.

They can be built quickly, which makes them used in most emergency hydraulic operations.

4. Gabion wire mesh:

Gabion wire mesh

This style of gabion design is used to protect rail and road surfaces from rock and rock falls.

 By providing a strong cover over loose material, they act as anti-erosion agents and protect the stability of slopes near highways and railroads.

How to Build a Gabion Wall?

It is more difficult to build a ticked wall made of stone, brick, or concrete than the wall of the Gabion.

To build a straight freestanding Gabion wall on your property, go to the directions listed below.

Site Layout:

Site Layout

Start by using a string line and line level or carpenter level on a long straight edge (usually 2 “X 4” – 12 ‘long), remove the wall, and make sure that there is a pad level in both directions.

Mark the location of the wall with frost and string.

Using the Damn and Wire or other tools such as the flag marking, the wall of the Gabion is indicated at the place where you want to go.

Lay the foundation:

Lay the foundation

The construction of the wall still needs to be created, even if the gabion walls do not need to be found as the other reserved wall types.

The upper soft layer of soil and any grass, trees, and weeds must be removed from the designated area.

To reach the topsoil, which is a rigid layer, you just need to dig deep enough.

When backfilling an area with crushed rock or road base, you may need to dig between clay or sandy soil between 4 and 6 inches.

Put the empty cages in the desired positions after the assembly:

Put the empty cages in the desired positions after the assembly

The Gabion cage is flat and incomplete, you must prepare it according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

When each cage is made from the bottom layer, keep it together in the prepared area.

Secure by connecting the basket.

Once the basket is filled, you will not be able to rotate the wall very quickly, so arrange them wherever you want.

Clean and classify the filler material for the wall (optional):

Clean and classify the filler material for the wall (optional)

 For more polish and an attractive appearance, it is advisable to put pressure on the stone washing before using a stone to fill the Gabion.

Depending on the material you use and how much you emphasized the aesthetics, you can skip this step if you want.

Add the filling to the gabions:

Add the filling to the gabions

Carefully place a stone or other filler material in each Gabion basket.

If you are using different colours or trying to create a sample, be sure to consider the distribution of filler material.

If you are creating another design with a bed or back layer in the garden, this is less important that will not be visible when the wall is fully formed.

Close the lid:

Close the lid

The usual practice to get more than 3 fence heights is to stack many baskets on each other.

After filling the lower basket, the lid wire-seal, then put the second layer of the upper layer together.

For the first time, fill the second layer, using the best -visible rocks on the face and rocks filled in the centre.

After you’ve finished filling each basket, close the cover and fasten it with the included wires.

Repeat if necessary:

Repeat if necessary

 Repeat the next steps as needed to create more rows than the appropriate wall of the Gabion basket.

Cost Of the Gabion Sustainable Wall:

According to the type of stone, wall depth, machine accessibility, land slopes, and types of footings, the gabion sustainable wall is anywhere from $ 10 per square foot and $ 40 per square foot.

In this wire box, often the installers are filled with concrete, river rocks, or RIP rap.

Linear feetCost of Gabion Wall
10’$200 – $1,600
15’$300 – $2,400
25’$500 – $4,000
50’$1,000 – $8,000  
100’$2,000 – $16,000
150’$3,000 – $24,000
200’$4,000 – $32,000

Cheap DIY Gabion Baskets:

Gabion Wall
Step 1: Setting up the cages:

As long as everything is square and adheres to the 6″ by 6″ design can be installed.

It has a five feet wide roll.

Cut out each form with the top not visible in these pictures.

The next task is a bit of a pain: flattening Rio out.

 I take special care to cut up to the joint to avoid sticking sharp edges.

Since the cut is so precise and clean, we prefer to use a sturdy cutter instead of pliers.

The one I’m currently working on is stepped, so I just cut it to size so it can be installed.

Step 2: Wire the sides:

This step is self-explanatory.

We use a 4-5″ for each 1-1 junction, a piece of tie-wire I use a 5-6″ where the three joints meet, such as a “piece” at the corners.

We assembled each side separately, except for the top corners where the top will be undone.

It is better to finish all the corners at once.

We have found that giving the basket a break in the middle makes it more likely to hold its shape when filled with rocks.

 In each section, I add another wire stabilizer.

It will appear in the filling stage.

Step 3: Creating the site:

The best quality of these baskets is that they are permanent.

They are just plain rock baskets made of Wire that are easily broken apart to show a mass of rocks and some mesh.

 You don’t need to run plumb bobs or create any significant sites due to the nature of the structure, which allows the cages to bend and move if the earth is present.

Make sure they are essentially level as they will look much better.

To keep subsequent baskets level and well woven, I wire them together.

Step 4: Adding rocks to the basket:

It can take some time and is a little annoying to fill the baskets.

We believe that larger rocks should be used on the outer edge.

 I start by adding material all around the perimeter before adding smaller rocks in the centre.

This makes the walls incredibly strong and less likely to deform underweight.

Advantages of Gabion Wall:

  1. Building a gabion wall is less economical than using concrete, pavers, stacked stones, or bricks.
  2. It is more difficult to move larger stones and bricks than the filler material needed to build a Gabion basket and Gabion wall.
  3. The lack of low obstacles and heavy machinery makes the Gabion Wall Construction relatively easy.
  4. You can make gabions without having to worry about water drainage.
  5. The walls made by Gabion will not crack if maintaining the walls.
  6. Gambian walls last long.

Disadvantages of Gabion Wall:

  1. A lot of labour is needed for the gabion wall.
  2. You can require large equipment to fill the upper level depending on the tall wall.
  3. The walls that retain the gabion maintenance do not seem attractive to everyone.


Gabion Wall is the best option to retain the privacy fence or wall on your property or explore other landscaping concepts.

An affordable but efficient alternative to reduce water drainage and erosion is the wall of the Gabion basket.

 If you re-use scrap materials or boulders on your land, the Gabion walls may be more environmentally friendly than other hardscaping solutions.

 Even if you are a bride, it is not very difficult to create it yourself.

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Hello and welcome to House Modify! I am Rahul and I am passionate about everything related to design, decoration and renovation. I am a serial renovator, currently working as a civil engineer. Take a look around, leave a comment and don't forget to subscribe to my emails so you don't miss out!

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