Residential Building

A residential building dedicates more than half of its floor area to living.

 In other words, a residential building offers sleeping space with or without a kitchen, eating area, or both.

In this article you’ll learn:

  • Purpose of the residential building.
  • Types of residential buildings.
  • Merits and demerits of residential building
  • Lots more.

So, if you’re ready to go with a residential building, this article is for you.

Let’s dive right in.

What is a Residential Building?

A residential building has individual residences where people can live or frequently visit.

Each home has its kitchen and bathroom, and it can also be referred to as an apartment or a condominium.

A residence is described as “a temporary or permanent dwelling place, home, or habitation to which one aspires to return” instead of a place of brief sojourn or transient visit.

Residential Building

Purpose of a Residential Building:

1) Compared to other types of houses, a single-family home frequently has a distinct front and back yard, more room, and greater security.

You don’t share the land with anyone else, so you feel comfortable expressing yourself through the design of your home.

2) A townhome often offers more privacy than a condo.

Generally speaking, they are less expensive than single-family dwellings.

Townhomes usually lack shared amenities like a gym or a pool, but they also don’t give as much privacy as single-family residences.

3) They are also an excellent alternative for families with multiple generations because they let you live in the same building but provide you with each area.

Multi-family housing is made up of single-family homes and condominiums.

4) Tax payments for co-op shareholders are often lower because they typically share maintenance duties.

Additionally, they are less expensive than comparable condominiums.

The building’s expenses are split between you and your neighbours.

As a result, if one of you misses a payment on your co-op loan, the bank may confiscate the entire building.

Types of Residential Buildings:

1. Individual homes or private dwellings:

Individual homes or private dwellings

Ownership of individual homes or other private dwellings is often limited to single-family members.

If numerous families are residing there, the structure is referred to as a multiple-family private dwelling.

2. Hotels or other lodging facilities:

Hotels or other lodging facilities-min

Multiple a collection of buildings that are managed by one organization are known as lodging or rooming houses.

In this instance, various people are given separate accommodations on a temporary or permanent basis.

3. Dormitories:


Dormitories are the type of residential building where multiple people can share a single bed.

This category includes military barracks and dormitories for students.

4. Apartments:

Residential Building

Large structures with individual homes for various families make up apartments or flats.

The apartment will house at least three households living apart from one another.

5. Hotels:


Hotels are similar to lodging houses and are run by a single management, although they primarily offer temporary lodging.

This category includes hotels, inns, and so on.

Site Selection for Residential Building Development:

The following are some important factors to consider while deciding on a site for any type of property as follows:

  • The placement ought to be in a fully established or prospectively developed area.
  • Reliable transportation choices, such as a railroad and bus service should be available for trips to the office, college, market, etc.
  • To use public services like water supply, drainage sewers, electric lines, and telephone lines without paying additional fees, they should be located extremely close to the site of choice.
  • As far as possible, the soil at the location should not be artificially created.
  • Structures constructed on such soils frequently experience differential settlement, which can cause them to collapse.
  • Building cracks are quite common in these conditions.
  • The building should have plenty of light and air, and the site should be large enough to prevent any overpowering of the building by its neighbours.
  • The site shouldn’t have a particularly high groundwater table.
  • Although proximity to amenities like markets, hospitals, and schools is desirable for residential sites, has little been born with where other public buildings should be located.
  • Accessible solid foundation soil should be found at a respectable depth.
  • The cost of the building is significantly reduced by this feature.
  • From the site, it should be possible to see a hill, river, lake, etc.
  • A home construction site should be far from busy commercial routes.
  • Due to the constant noise, residential sites shouldn’t be situated close to industries or workshops.
  • The site’s orientation also plays a role in the decision.
  • Sites in our nation should be set up so that summertime sun can enter buildings in the early morning and late at night, while wintertime sun exposure should be at its highest.

Advantages of Residential Building:

  1. Generally, less expensive than commercial buildings.
  2. Simple to purchase because little paperwork is needed.
  3. Simple to locate tenants.
  4. The tiny business means that there are fewer problems.
  5. You should be aware of the definition and compensation of residential homes.

Disadvantages of a Residential Building:

  1. In high-rise residential buildings, fire is a constant threat.
  2. Pets are not permitted in apartments because they may disturb the neighbours.
  3. When you reside in a building of flats, there is also a chance that you will have noisy neighbours.


When a building’s floor area is dedicated to habitation, it should be categorized as a residential building.

All structures intended for private occupancy, whether temporary or permanent are considered residential buildings.

Avatar for Author

Hello and welcome to House Modify! I am Rahul and I am passionate about everything related to design, decoration and renovation. I am a serial renovator, currently working as a civil engineer. Take a look around, leave a comment and don't forget to subscribe to my emails so you don't miss out!

Leave a Comment