A partition wall is a wall or divider made of bricks, studding, glass, or another comparable material that divides one room from another.
These walls may occasionally be fixed, foldable, or both.
Walls or partitions can be built in a variety of shapes, such as thin, light, thick, heavy, etc.
Both load-bearing and non-load-bearing partition walls can be built.
The type of construction and design has a major impact on the needs of these walls.
What is Partition Wall?
A thin wall that divides an enclosed space is called a partition wall.
It is frequently built as a non-load-bearing wall that helps divide space and offers privacy, better acoustics, and fire separation.
The building plan is also made flexible by partition walls.
Partition walls can be built up to 2.5 metres in height or the full height of the floor.
They are often built to sustain their weight and, on occasion, also serve to support the floor joists and roof trusses.
They are known as load-bearing partitions in these situations.
Purpose Of the Partition Wall:
- Partition walls are also utilised for privacy.
- It functioned to support the roof or ceiling, holding it in place.
- Partition walls are frequently utilised for separation purposes.
- It was used to divide the rooms into several sections to serve the various construction functions.
- Most partition walls are utilised today to improve the internal visibility of rooms and offices.
- The building’s aesthetic appeal is enhanced by the thin, ornamental partition wall.
Types of Partition Walls:
1. Brick Partition Wall:
Brick is the most used material for partition walls.
The brick partition wall, which divides the room in half (10 cm) was built across the room.
The stretcher bond constitutes the majority of the brick partition wall.
It was built using solid bricks, hollow bricks, or reinforced bricks.
Steel, hoop iron, or wire mesh (chicken mesh) are acceptable reinforcement materials for a brick partition wall.
The partition walls made of brick are reusable, sturdy, durable, and soundproof.
2. Glass partition Walls:
Glass partition walls are formed of sheet or hollow glass bricks.
A glass sheet partition is constructed by fastening the sheet to a wooden framework.
The partition wall’s hollow glass block material is hollow glass blocks.
Translucent glass units known as hollow glass blocks are lightweight and produced in a variety of thicknesses, forms, and sizes.
Glass partition walls are affordable, simple to build, and offer respectable privacy.
It allows for lightness and delivers sensible aesthetics.
This type of wall is easy to clean and maintain, it is wet, sound, and temperature-proof.
Glass sheets are fitted within a wooden or metal structure for these partition walls.
Timber frameworks are not desired by hollow blocks.
3. Reinforced Brick Wall:
The location of the reinforcements makes reinforced brick substantially more robust.
There are reinforcements in every third or fourth layer, which are placed in front of chicken wire strips or bare iron.
Low-tech tools are employed in construction.
Concrete and shuttering are not necessary.
This type of partition wall is employed when a solid longitudinal bond is required and the partition must support additional superimposed loads.
4. Straw Board Partitions wall:
Where there is a lot of moving of partitions, strawboard partition walls are helpful.
Compressed straw-covered thick paper or hardboard is used to create this style of partition wall.
Heat- and sound-proof, and simple to build, straw board partition walls.
5. Plaster Slab Partition Wall:
Plaster slab partition walls are constructed with wood and burned minerals or plaster of Paris.
These 5 cm to 10 cm thick slabs is manufactured in iron or wooden moulds used to create partition walls.
The right grooves are provided within the plaster slabs to produce rigid joins.
Walls, nails, and screws are frequently just pushed into these slabs throughout this partitioning process.
The plaster slab surface of this partition wall may be smooth or rough, and the formwork is not coated.
6. Concrete Partitions Wall:
The concrete partition wall is made of a slab of concrete that is either plain or reinforced and supported laterally by vertical pieces.
These slabs can be either prefabricated or cast in place.
It can either be created or solid and immovable.
Concrete partition walls use distinctive concrete supports, and their social control consists of soft-cast steel bars positioned in the thickness of the wall.
The 1:2:4 are joined by the concrete.
It significantly helps with the resistance to horizontal loads, such as earthquakes.
The framework is expensive, while being strong and stable both vertically and horizontally.
7. Clay and Hollow Brick Partition Wall:
Partitions made of hollow concrete blocks are intended to hold individual concrete units.
The clay blocks that are utilised are solid or hollow, and they are expertly prepared from clay or earthenware.
Even hollow clay blocks with dimensions of 30 by 20 cm and thicknesses ranging from five to fifteen centimetres can be employed.
The blocks have grooves on the top, bottom, and sides, and different glaze colours are kept on the surfaces.
They don’t change their volume and are lighter in weight.
These kinds of walls are sturdy, affordable, long-lasting, and flame-resistant.
8. Metal Lath Partition Wall:
Partition walls made of metal lath are narrow, sturdy, long-lasting, and barely flammable.
For placing it in place, a steel or wooden framework is required.
Galvanized iron wire is used to secure lath to soft-cast steel bars or channels that are placed 15 to 30 cm apart.
It will be plastered on all sides and might have better sound and heat insulation.
The cavity in the plaster and metal lath partition walls.
On either side of precisely shaped steel channels, there are metal laths placed 30 to 45 cm apart.
Typically, the channels are 3 to 10 cm deep.
9. Cement Asbestos Partitions Wall:
Partitions made of asbestos cement are lightweight, impermeable, strong, watertight, and fireproof.
A wooden structure is covered in asbestos cement sheets that are manufactured of asbestos cement.
With cement adhesive, sheets are joined and held in place.
They are usually employed in temporary work.
11. Dual-glazing Windows Partition Wall:
The use of a double-glazed window provides acoustic insulation.
This window maintains a 50mm or more air gap between its two panes.
The air inside the narrow chamber has a certain “stiffness” to it and transmits vibrations at low frequencies.
This system’s glass appearance is “frameless” thanks to precise joins.
All offices, private conference spaces, and board rooms frequently have double-glazed window partition walls.
12. A. C. Sheet or G. I. Sheet Partitions Wall:
These partition walls are cheap, strong, and lightweight if they are built appropriately.
Each slab is constructed of either a wrinkled asbestos cement sheet (10mm) or a facet of an asbestos cement sheet (5mm).
13. Wooden Partition Wall:
Wooden partition walls are easier to build, lower in weight, and neither fireproof nor soundproof.
For damp environments, this partition wall is inappropriate.
The wooden borders of wooden walls are fastened to a sidewall and secured to the floor.
To create a sturdy partition, cover the divider on both sides with sheets or plaster.
14. Lumber Partitions:
Lumber partitions are made of wood and supported by sidewalls or the ground below.
The construction is made of a rigid arrangement of timber components that can be lined from each side with plaster, boards, or another material.
It is not inflammable.
Benefits of a Partition Wall:
- Divide the rooms into different sections to serve different purposes.
- Increase the offices and other spaces thermal insulation.
- Improve the soundproofing.
- Increase the building’s rigidity.
- lessen the dead weight on the building than interior walls.
- Cheap and simple to build.
Applications of Partition Wall:
Partition walls are frequently used in office buildings, residential buildings, educational institutions, libraries, public spaces, business meeting spaces, convention centres, training facilities, and other venues to divide interior space.
FAQ- Partition Wall:
Q1. How do you frame a partition wall?
A partition wall is a wall that splits a room into various regions, separates rooms within a house or other structure, and is frequently used to form closets.
Although, these inner walls are typically not load-bearing walls.
Q2. Is a partition wall required to be approved?
Construction of a non-load-bearing stud partition wall is typically not subject to building rules approval.
You will probably need permission if you are erecting a wall that will support the building.
Q3. Do drywall and partition walls look alike?
Partition walls offer a few advantages over Drywalls in this regard because they can be easily reconfigured, changing layouts and size based on their uses.
Furthermore, partition walls are set up above the flooring, they can be moved without damaging the walls or requiring new flooring.
A building’s design is significantly influenced by partition walls.
A building’s layout cannot be decorative or structured without partition walls.
As a result, we must understand the specifics of partition walls including their methods, purposes, and benefits.